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The Way I See It!

I am an Ultra-Conservative, Alpha-Male, True Authentic Leader, Type "C" Personality, who is very active in my community; whether it is donating time, clothes or money for Project Concern or going to Common Council meetings and voicing my opinions. As a blogger, I intend to provide a different viewpoint "The way I see it!" on various world, national and local issues with a few helpful tips & tidbits sprinkled in.

Logical Fallacies Part IV

Culture, Debates

Argument to the person

An argument to the person means attacking the person making the argument rather than the argument itself.  It’s also know as the ad hominem or ad homunem (Latin for “to the man”) attack.  When a person’s appearance, habits, or character is criticized instead of the merits of that person’s argument, the attack is a fallacy.  Here’s an example:  “We’d take her position on child abuse seriously if she were not so nasty to her husband.”  What does nastiness to an adult, though it isn’t nice, have to do with child abuse?  Most people when losing a debate do this “You always think you are right, but you are not!”

 

Guilt by association

Guilt by association means that a person’s arguments, ideas, or opinions lack merit because of that person’s activities, interests, or companions.  For example, here’s the fallacy in operation:  “Jack belongs to the International Hill Climbers Association, which declared bankruptcy last month.  This makes him unfit to be mayor of our city.”  The fact that the group that declared bankruptcy and has Jack as a member has nothing to do with his ability to be the mayor.

 

Jumping on the bandwagon

Jumping on the bandwagon means something is right or permissible because “everyone does it.”  It’s also called ad popilim (Latin for “to the people”).  This fallacy operates in statements such as “How could smoking be unhealthy if million so people smoke?”  Just because one can do something doesn’t make it right to do. Also done as justification of actions.

 

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